The Formula Student Certificate III in Manufacturing Technology qualification is offered through an Australian Apprenticeship arrangement, or as class-based delivery through the Formula Student Drone Build Program. Formula Student uses units in the “CAD/drafting” specialist stream for the elective components of the qualification.

This unit covers interpreting technical drawing applying to any of the full range of engineering disciplines.

Technical drawings may utilise perspective, exploded views or hidden view techniques. Drawings are provided to Australian Standard 1100 and/or Australian Standard 1102 and their equivalents from the full range of engineering disciplines.

Standard symbols to Australian Standard 1100 and/or Australian Standard 1102 or equivalent are recognised in field of employment. Technical drawings may include symbol glossaries.

Where any drawing, sketch, chart, diagram is only used as the technique for communication, then this unit does not apply: see Unit MEM12023A (perform engineering measurements) or Unit MEM16006A (Organise and communicate information).

Required skills we’ll look for when assessing student competence**We’ll look for evidence that confirms skills in:**

- checking the drawing against job requirements/related equipment in accordance with standard operating procedures
- confirming the drawing version as being current in accordance with standard operating procedures
- where appropriate, obtaining the current version of the drawing in accordance with standard operating procedures
- reading, interpreting information on the drawing, written job instructions, specifications, standard operating procedures, charts, lists and other applicable reference documents
- checking and clarifying task related information
- undertaking numerical operations, geometry and calculations/formulae within the scope of this unit

Required knowledge we’ll look for when assessing student competence**We’ll look for evidence that confirms knowledge in:**

- application of AS1100.101 in accordance with standard operating procedures
- relationship between the views contained in the drawing
- objects represented in the drawing
- units of measurement used in the preparation of the drawing
- dimensions of the key features of the objects depicted in the drawing
- understanding of the instructions contained in the drawing
- the actions to be undertaken in response to those instructions
- the materials from which the object(s) are made
- any symbols used in the drawing as described in range statement
- hazard and control measures associated with interpreting technical drawings, including housekeeping
- safe work practices and procedures

This unit of competency covers the skills and knowledge required to apply functions of computer-aided design (CAD) software programs that are typically used in the production of detail drawings

This unit is suitable for those working within a CAD or drafting work environment and may be applied across engineering and manufacturing environments. It covers competent use of a CAD program to perform basic drawing tasks used in the development of detail drawings. Drawings may include plans, diagrams, charts, circuits, systems or schematics.

This unit includes using computer equipment and selecting software functions in order to generate basic drawing elements.

Work is conducted under supervision.

Required skills we’ll look for when assessing student competence**We’ll look for evidence that confirms skills in:**

- literacy skills sufficient to read instructions for drawings work
- using computer technologies and navigating software
- numeracy skills sufficient to interpret technical information and determine scaling and layout issues
- navigating software to:
- manipulate drawing entities
- modify dimension styles
- create and use layers
- manipulate the drawing origin
- define and utilise symbol libraries
- utilise grids/grid snaps and object snaps
- display views at multiple scales
- add title blocks/frame to layout a drawing for printing
- prepare advanced drawings in plane orthogonal or equivalent
- set up prototype drawings
- define and extract attribute data
- create bills of materials (BOM) utilising attribute data and third-party application software

Required knowledge we’ll look for when assessing student competence**We’ll look for evidence that confirms knowledge in:**

- general knowledge of different approaches to drawing
- awareness of copyright and intellectual property issues and legislation in relation to drawing
- environmental and occupational health and safety (OHS) issues associated with the tools and materials used for drawing
- quality assurance procedures
- CAD program capabilities and processes

This unit of competency covers producing drawings or similar graphical representations where the critical dimensions and associated tolerances and design specifications are predetermined.

This unit applies to any of the full range of engineering disciplines. All work is carried out under supervision and all specifications, dimensions and tolerances are predetermined. The unit covers application of introductory drafting skills to select and apply drawing protocols.

Manual drafting or computer-aided design (CAD) drawing equipment may be used.

If CAD skills are required, MEM30031A Operate computer-aided design (CAD) system to produce basic drawing elements, should be selected.

Drawings are completed to Australian Standard (AS) 1100.101–1992 Technical drawing – General principle

Required skills we’ll look for when assessing student competence**We’ll look for evidence that confirms skills in:**

- correctly using and maintaining equipment, including CAD
- manual drafting, filing and printing
- reading and interpreting specifications
- communicating with supervisor to confirm work requirements and outcomes
- visualising components
- preparing a drawing in plane orthogonal, isometric projection or equivalent
- determining drawing protocols required to complete drawing to industry standard
- selecting and locating text to support presentation
- establishing datums and dimensions for drawings
- drawing sections through an engineering component incorporating correct use of cutting plane symbols and conventions

Required knowledge we’ll look for when assessing student competence**We’ll look for evidence that confirms knowledge in:**

- drafting media, including cartridge paper, tracing paper, drafting film and plain printing paper
- layout conventions
- effective use of blank space, location of notes and symbols
- sectioning
- overview of graphical techniques
- assembly drawings and explosion drawings
- schematics/line drawings, graphs and pictorials
- standard engineering drawing symbols, references and terminology
- application of surface finish symbols to drawings
- uses of different scales in industry applications
- uses and types of line weights
- uses and types of drawing sheets
- type of information provided with drawings

This unit of competency covers using a computer-aided design (CAD) program to produce and plot basic 3-D view drawings.

This unit applies to the production of 3-D models using CAD software and associated equipment. This will include the use of region and solid modelling techniques, section views and pre-drawn library files. Work also includes extraction of properties and application of basic rendering techniques.

All work is conducted under supervision.

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms skills in:**

- reading and interpreting engineering specifications
- organising information
- using computer and peripherals
- using CAD program
- saving 3-D modes in various file formats
- preparing drawings in plane orthogonal, isometric projection or equivalent

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms knowledge in:**

- region modelling techniques
- solid modelling techniques
- development of sectioned models
- use of cutting plane
- use of cross hatching
- use of pre-drawn library files and primitives to produce a 3-D model
- use of third level software to produce 3-D models
- how to extract mass and area properties
- how to extract area properties from region models
- application of basic rendering techniques to a 3-D model

This unit covers performing measurement skills requiring straightforward use of mechanical measuring devices and associated calculations.

This unit covers straightforward measurement using devices which incorporate visual indications representing units of measurement.

It applies to the use of measuring devices in a range of manufacturing, engineering and related environments. It includes, where required, adjustment of measuring devices through simple means and typically includes zeroing or scale adjustment.

Measurements may be expressed in metric or imperial units. All measurements are undertaken to standard operating procedures. Electrical/electronic devices used are those not requiring the connection or disconnection of circuitry.

Work is undertaken autonomously or part of team environment, in the field, work station or workshops.

For straightforward use of comparison or pre-set measuring devices, Unit MEM12001B (Use comparison and basic measuring devices) should be accessed.

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms skills in:**

- selecting the appropriate measuring device for given measuring tasks
- using appropriate measuring technique
- reading all measurements taken accurately to the finest graduation of the selected measuring device
- handling and storing measuring devices in accordance with manufacturers' specifications or standard operating procedures
- verifying all measuring devices before use
- making, where appropriate, routine adjustments to measuring devices
- reading, interpreting and following information on written job instructions, specifications, standard operating procedures, charts, lists, drawings and other applicable reference documents
- planning and sequencing operations
- checking and clarifying task related information
- checking for conformance to specifications
- undertaking numerical operations involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions and decimals within the scope of this unit
- preparing drawings as required

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms knowledge in:**

- correct application of a range of measuring devices
- correct and appropriate measuring technique for a range of measuring devices
- addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions, decimals to the scope required by this unit
- procedures for handling and storing a range of measuring devices
- procedures for adjusting and zeroing a range of measuring devices
- methods of communicating measurements by drawings, as required
- safe work practices and procedures.

This is a core unit.

This unit covers applies the concepts of mathematics to appropriate and simple engineering situations within the individual's area of engineering expertise.

This unit applies to technician level work that requires basic algebraic, trigonometric and statistical knowledge and skill.

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms skills in:**

- using and applying mathematical formulas:
- logical thinking
- problem solving
- calculating
- applying statistics
- using computer numerical methods
- drawing graphs

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms knowledge in:**

- transposing and evaluating formulae
- polynomials
- straight line coordinate geometry
- introduction to indices
- introduction to trigonometry
- circular functions
- trigonometry of oblique triangles
- trigonometric identities
- introduction to functions and their graphs

This unit covers estimating approximate answers to arithmetical problems, carrying out basic calculations involving percentages and proportions, and determining simple ratios and averages. The unit includes producing and interpreting simple charts and graphs.

This unit applies in manufacturing, engineering or related environments. It includes the application of the four rules of algebraic expressions, extracting information from drawings, diagrams, graphs and charts and producing simple charts and graphs.

Data may be derived from readings taken or may be computer generated. Applications can include computations associated with pressure, volume, temperature, heat, speed, power, elasticity, density, mass, force etc.

Calculations may be performed using pen and paper or on a calculator.

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms skills in:**

- performing calculations involving whole numbers using all four basic rules
- performing calculations involving length, perimeter, area and volume
- checking calculated answers for accuracy
- rounding off estimated answers
- expressing information presented in fractional or decimal format as a percentage
- selecting appropriate formulae for the given application
- substituting the correct values for each term in the relevant formulae
- using appropriate mathematical operations
- performing calculations involving ratios or proportions
- determining required information from appropriate charts or graphs
- producing simple charts or graphs from given information or observations made
- selecting appropriate scales and using them in the production of charts and graphs
- marking appropriate limits clearly on the graph or chart
- reading, interpreting and following information on written job instructions, specifications, standard operating procedures, charts, lists, drawings and other applicable reference documents
- planning and sequencing operations
- checking and clarifying task related information
- checking for conformance to specifications
- undertaking numerical operations, geometry and calculations/formulae within the scope of this unit

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms knowledge in:**

- formula applicable to the determination of perimeter, area and volume of simple geometric shapes
- techniques for estimating approximate answers
- reasons for using dimensions with the same units when calculating length, perimeter, area and volume
- concepts of perimeter, area and volume
- procedures for rounding off figures when estimating approximate answers
- mixed numbers, decimals, fractions and whole numbers
- concept of percentage
- procedures to be followed in converting a decimal to a percentage
- procedures for carrying out calculations involving fractions and using each of the four basic rules
- procedures to be followed on converting a fraction to a percentage
- sources of appropriate formulae
- reasons for ensuring that the units of each term are consistent with the formulae selected
- procedures for converting given units to those required for use in formulae
- concepts of ratio and proportion
- given ratios and proportions can be expressed in terms of whole numbers, fractions and decimal fractions
- scales applicable to the axes of the graphs or charts
- three types of charts and/or graphs used in the individual's field of work
- where appropriate, upper and lower limits of acceptability applicable to data entered on a graph or chart
- where appropriate, the trends indicated by the slope or gradient of a graph
- where appropriate, the action to be taken when given trends occur or set limits are approached on graphs or charts
- procedures for drawing 'lines of best fit'
- the trends indicated by the graphs or charts drawn
- hazards and control measures associated with performing computations, including housekeeping
- safe work practices and procedures

This unit covers analysing a simple circuit by identifying the function and operation of the circuit and circuit components contained within approved manufactured products

This unit applies to all manufacturing environments. It covers analysis of existing circuits against specifications only and does not extend to determining modifications to circuits.

This unit does not cover the skills involved in direct measuring of values requiring connecting or disconnecting of circuits and components covered by licensing requirements. Where such values are required, they are to be obtained through the assistance of appropriately licensed personnel or through undertaking the specified training for the appropriate licence.

Work is conducted in accordance with regulatory and legislative requirements in each State and Territory

Work is carried out under supervision

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms skills in:**

- calculating
- reading and interpreting specifications and drawings
- drawing to scale
- analysing
- planning and sequencing operations
- checking and clarifying task-related information
- checking for conformance to specifications

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms knowledge in:**

- safe work practices and procedures
- hazard and control measures associated with analysing the function of a simple electrical system circuit
- dangers and safety precautions:
- electrical hazards
- earthing and insulation
- The function of the following components:
- resistors:
- fixed (composition and wire wound)
- variable (rheostats, potentiometers and trimmers)
- non-linear (thermistors)
- capacitors:
- fixed (ceramic, plastic and electrolytic)
- variable
- magnetic
- transformers (AF, RF and power)
- chokes
- relays
- contactors
- rectifiers
- smoothing filters
- voltage regulators and feedback
- basic physics:
- conductors
- insulators
- semiconductors
- current flow
- voltage
- resistance
- colour code
- power rating
- Ohm's Law
- electrical units
- power in electrical circuits
- protection methods:
- fuses
- circuit breaking
- safety interlocks
- earthing - personnel safety
- a.c. circuits:
- series and parallel a.c. circuits
- power in a.c. circuits
- power supplies:
- transformers
- rectifiers
- smoothing filters
- voltage regulators and feedback
- function and operation of a simple low voltage d.c. power supply
- function and operation of the transformer in a simple low voltage d.c. power supply, including the significance of the turns ratio
- function in a simple low voltage d.c. power supply of rectifiers including the significance of the diode characteristics, for both half and full wave types
- operation of smoothing filters in a simple low voltage d.c. power supply
- operation of simple zener diode type voltage regulators in a simple low voltage d.c. power supply
- feedback

This unit covers participating in the application of the basic concepts of economic and ergonomic principles and procedures to evaluate an engineering application prior to production.

The work is carried out under supervision, usually in a team environment.

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms skills in:**

- determining customer requirements
- determining, accessing and using relevant Australian and ISO standards

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms knowledge in:**

- engineering parameters:
- safety of personnel, consequences of failure (such as human injury)
- quality of product consideration
- material reliability and choice
- safety factors
- maintenance, source of spares/service
- energy consumption

- economic considerations:
- costs of manufacture, effect of production quantity
- cost of quality
- design for manufacture
- use of standardised components

- ergonomic considerations:
- safety considerations
- human capacity - reach, dexterity, strength, human comfort
- health effects of human/machine interaction, repetitive use injuries
- aesthetics

This unit of competency covers the skills and knowledge required to complete freehand sketches to illustrate or communicate information to be used in engineering drafting applications. It covers standard drawing conventions and techniques to represent the subject in appropriate proportion and view.

This unit is suitable for those working within a computer-aided design (CAD) or drafting work environment. Sketches may be used as part of the drafting process to illustrate or communicate information about design, worksite, layout plan or construction features. The unit includes the ability to apply standard drawing conventions to sketching 2-D orthogonal and pictorial freehand drawings and sectional views.

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms skills in:**

- literacy skills sufficient to read product safety labels and instructions and to prepare sketches for presentation
- numeracy skills sufficient to determine layout issues and to deal with scaling
- applying spatial principles to achieve scale and proportion
- selecting correct media and graded pencils to produce a freehand sketch of components
- applying freehand drawing techniques and conventions in the production of sketches in pictorial, orthographic and sectional views

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms knowledge in:**

- general knowledge of the elements and principles of design and their specific application to drawing
- general knowledge of different approaches to drawing
- techniques, methods and principles of technical drawing used in descriptive geometry
- awareness of copyright and intellectual property issues and legislation in relation to drawing
- environmental and occupational health and safety (OHS) issues associated with the tools and materials used for drawing
- quality assurance procedures
- principles of plane geometry:
- geometric shapes
- plane geometry
- geometric construction
- line types during construction

- sketch construction:
- pictorial axes
- pictorial angles
- pictorial lines
- non-pictorial lines
- pictorial circles and arcs

- four centre method
- ordinate method:
- sectioning pictorial shapes

- pictorial drawing:
- isometric
- oblique (cabinet and cavalier)
- perspective
- dimensioning requirements and techniques

This unit covers recognising common materials used in engineering, assisting in the selection of a material for a specific application, and using test results to evaluate the properties of materials.

This unit applies to technician level activities in manufacturing and engineering environments.

Work is carried out under supervision.

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms skills in:**

- undertaking research
- selecting/carrying out tests appropriate to the material
- communicating
- documenting
- planning and sequencing operations
- reading, interpreting and following information on written job instructions, specifications, standard operating procedures, charts, lists, drawings and other applicable reference documents

**We’ll look for evidence that confirms knowledge in:**

- classification of materials:
- metals and non-metals
- ferrous and non-ferrous metals
- polymers (thermoplastics, thermosetting and elastomers)
- ceramics
- composite materials

- structure of materials
- physical properties of materials:
- electrical conductivity/resistivity
- specific gravity/density
- thermal conductivity/expansion
- specific heat
- melting/boiling points
- magnetic properties
- optical properties

- mechanical properties:
- strength - yield, tensile, compressive
- stress/strain data
- hardness
- toughness (impact and slow strain)
- elasticity
- plasticity
- ductility
- malleability
- fatigue
- creep

- chemical properties:
- corrosion of metals, corrosion processes, mechanisms
- degradation of polymers

- materials testing methods - destructive testing and applications:
- tensile
- compressive
- shear
- torsion
- hardness
- impact
- fatigue
- creep
- visual
- corrosion testing

- engineering materials
- engineering applications of ferrous metals:
- cast irons
- carbon and alloy steels
- stainless steel

- engineering applications of non-ferrous metals:
- aluminium and it's alloys
- copper, brass and bronze
- nickel alloys, zinc, titanium
- magnesium
- refractory metals

- engineering applications of polymers:
- thermosetting polymers
- thermoplastic polymers
- ceramics and glasses

- effects of mechanical and thermal processes on the properties of materials:
- casting
- forging, rolling and extrusion
- cold forming
- powder processes
- heat treatment
- joining - fasteners
- soldering
- brazing
- welding
- adhesives
- finishing - coatings, metallic and non-metallic

- hazards and control measure associated with selecting common engineering materials, including housekeeping
- safe work practices and procedures